Upgrade guide

Upgrading from xstyled from v1.x to v3.0.

From v2.x to v3.x

xstyled v3 is focused on features.

Object states

States are now similar to breakpoints, they are specified using object syntax:

<x.button color={{ _: 'red-500', hover: 'red-300' }} />

They can be nested:

// Mixed screens and states <x.button color={{ _: 'red-600', md: { _: 'red-500', hover: 'red-300' } }} /> // Nested states <x.div bg={{ first: { odd: 'blue' } } } />

And they are configurable in theme:

export const theme = { states: { hover: '&:hover', // ... }, }

Learn more in states documentation.

Plugins API

xstyled can now be fully extended with plugins using a xstyled.config.js:

import { createCss, system, compose } from '@xstyled/...' import { borderInline } from './utilities/border-inline' export const { css, styled, x, createGlobalStyle } = createCss( compose(system, borderInline), )

Learn more in documentation.

New text utility

A new text utility has been added. It is similar to fontSize excepts that it defines both font-size and line-height. It is customizabled to handle all your typography styles.

Learn more in text utility documentation.

New utilities

animationDuration, animationTimingFunction and maskSize have been added to the core.

Remove specificity

xstyled was using a trick to ensure props were more specific than component style. The props were injected in a &&, so the class was duplicated and the specificity increased. In v3, props are now injected in the correct order, it means this specificity is not longer required.

New multiple option in style

You can now use multiple to declare style that accepts multiple styles separated by a comma. For example, box-shadow:

<x.div boxShadow="light-shadow, big-shadow" />

Breaking changes

No prefixed states

States were prefixed props in v2. You can use this regular expression to find state props in your code:


Box has been removed

Box component is no longer available, you can safely replace it by x.div.

cssProperty option of style becomes css

Since the css accepts a mixin, cssProperty was no longer a good name.

getBreakpoints becomes getScreens and useBreakpoints becomes useScreens

In v1, theme section handling screens was named breakpoints, since v2 theme section is now screens. For consistency getBreakpoints becomes getScreens and useBreakpoints becomes useScreens.

th.timingFunctions becomes th.timingFunction

Every th.* utilities are singular, th.timingFunctions was a mistake.

x.extend and createX are gone

Use createCss instead.

TypeScript theme bindings

Be sure to correctly extend xstyled theme and to follow TypeScript guide.

From v1.x to v2.x

xstyled v2 is the new major version since v1 of xstyled released in May 2019.

We know that xstyled is in the core of your project and that the migration could be difficult. For that purpose, we minimized the number of changes between the two versions, there is only few breaking changes.

New philosophy

xstyled exposes x namespace to easily create declarative components and style your website without writing CSS. The new version push this approach at the edge. The v2 still supports magic styled components, they are even better than before!

import { x } from '@xstyled/...' function Button() { return ( <x.button type="button" color="white" transition bg={{ _: 'emerald-500', hover: 'emerald-800' }} > Upgrade </x.button> ) }

You don't have to choose between x or styled, the two approaches are supported. Feel free to use one or another or to mix both (like me).

Breaking changes

Emotion v11

xstyled v2 works with Emotion v11, if you use xstyled v1 with Emotion, please read the migrate guide from Emotion v10 to Emotion v11 first.

No more default space

xstyled v1 had default space built-in, in v2 space are now located in default theme and are slightly different from v1. Two options:

  • If you have customized space in your theme:

Good news! You don't have to do anything, just keep your them in v2.

  • If you have not customized space in your theme:

Use old space in your theme:

const theme = { space: [0, 4, 8, 16, 24, 48, 96, 144, 192, 240], }
  • If you were not using any theme:

Read customize theme documentation to learn how to create a theme.

gridGap becomes gap

To follow the new specification, gridGap becomes gap.

  • If you use gridGap in your project:

Replace it by gap.

width becomes w, height becomes h

To reduce conflict between image attributes width and height, only w and h are now usable to define CSS properties width and height.

  • If you use width or height in your project:

Replace it by w and h.

No more size utility

To reduce conflict between input attribute size, size .

  • If you use size in your project:

Replace it by w + h.

No more forwardedAs

Everything is now simplified, you don't have to worry about forwardedAs any more, as works everywhere.

  • If you use forwardedAs:

  • Replace it by as.

Utilities groups reorganization

xstyled v2 exposes lot of new utilities, to be more consistent, utilities groups have been completely changed.

  • If you use utility groups like backgrounds, basics, borders, flexboxes, grids, layout, positioning, shadows, space, svg, typography or xgrids:

You have to pick new groups of utilities or single utilities. Read how to create utilities to learn more about it.


xstyled v2 now uses the same breakpoints as Tailwind, it was using Bootstrap's one but landscape have changed and those from Tailwind are actually more realistic. Also, breakpoints are now read from screens theme key.

  • If you use breakpoints and does not define them:

Add xstyled v1 breakpoints:

const theme = { screens: { xs: 0, sm: 576, md: 768, lg: 992, xl: 1200 }, }
  • If you already use your own breakpoints:

Migrate them to screens:

const theme = { - breakpoints: { xs: 0, md: 800 }, + screens: { xs: 0, md: 800 }, }

No more variant utility

variant utility was confusing and not really helpful, xstyled v2 encourages to use the x.* syntax, so it is no longer required.

  • If you want use variant utility and you want to get it back:

Add variant utility in your codebase:

import { getThemeValue, merge, warn, is, assign } from '@xstyled/util' const variant = ({ key = null, default: defaultValue, variants = {}, prop = 'variant' }) => (props) => { const themeVariants = is(key) ? getThemeValue(props, key) : null const computedVariants = merge(assign({}, variants), themeVariants) const value = props[prop] !== undefined ? props[prop] : defaultValue const result = getThemeValue(props, value, computedVariants) warn(is(result), `variant "${value}" not found`) return result }
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